What is Allergic Conjunctivitis?
- Allergic conjunctivitis is an irritation of the conjunctiva of the eye caused by an allergen.
What are the symptoms of Allergic Conjunctivitis?
- Watery discharge
- History of allergies
- Chemosis - swelling (or edema) of the conjunctiva
- Red and edematous eyelids
- Conjunctival papillae - inflamations inside of the conjuctiva associated with infection.
How can I avoid contracting Allergic Conjunctivitis?
- Patients should try to identify and avoid the allergens that cause your symptoms.
How is Allergic Conjunctivitis treated?
- Avoidance of the allergan.
- Cool compresses several times per day.
- Topical drops depending on the severity.
Mild: Artificial tears four to eight times per day.
Moderate: Vasoconstrictor/Antihistamine. Be aware of rebound vasodilation after prolonged use.
Severe: Mild topical steroid for one to two weeks.
- Oral antihistamine in moderate-to-severe cases can be very helpful.
What is the follow-plan for Allergic Conjunctivitis?
- Patient should return to eye doctor in two weeks.
- If topical steroids are being used, patients should be followed up weekly, and the steroids slowly tapered.